ûͧѹѭآҾԵ








С (2538 : 19-21) ͧѹѭآҾԵ 3 ѧ

ͧѹѭآҾԵá (Primary prevention)

ͧѹѭآҾԵá ֧ ͧѹäѹԴ鹡Ѻͧ äԴǡѺͧ غѵ˵ҧͧäԴѺͧ ͧѹԴѭ͹ ǧ ͧѹ ѧ
á
آҾ˭ԧ Դͧͧá ͧѹԡԴ á˹ѡʹ͹˹ ͧѹ˭ԧ͹Ե ١ʹ Ѻ ˭ԧʹآҾͧ ҧ ԹѺʹ Դ Դѭ͹ äǡѺͧ äѡ äͷԫ (Autism)
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˹ѡ֧§ ͡¹ ֡ѴºԹ سҾͧѹغѵ˵ҧͧҨԴ
¹ŧҧҹҧ Ե ѧͧ ѺǡѺͧҧ ͹ҧ ҧѧͧ ͡ԪվҧԹԵ
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ѡѭػäçԵ ѭҪվҹ ѴԴԵͺ ѡѺҧ ´Դ ˵óعçͧ༪ԭԹԵ
٧
ѡ͹³ ѡçԵҧѺͧԹ ѡѧѡآҾѧ ͧѹäҧ ٧ ä äѹԵ٧ ʹպ äд١ҧ

ͧѹѭآҾԵͧ (Secondary Prevention)

ͧѹѭآҾԵͧ ֧ öǨͺäá ԹԨääءҡѡҡ ҧҸóآöҺԹѵءͧä (Prevalence rate) Ŵŧͧѹͧ ѡԹҹ ѡáͧѹ ͧѹѭآҾԵͧ ѧ
á
˹ѡѭҧԵͧ ҡŧŧ (Temper tantrum) ç¹ (School phobia) ѭٴ ͧö պ ͧѹءعç ѧ
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öǨѡáѭҧ ҧҧҧԵͧ ˹ѡѭ¹ ׺˵ѭ¹ ˵ҡ ҡͧҧѭԡͧкҷ ¹ ѭҧҧ ѭҧԵԴҡͺ ѭʹ¹ ١ͧ ѭءԴѭĵԡ Ե¹ҡ¹ Ҩա§ ԸٴѺ Ҩ֧˹ç¹ ֧Ҩѭҡ ա ç¹͹ ͹١ѡ٧ԴʾԴǡѺѹ ѧ ʹѭ պѭѧعç ç¹ԡ öǨͧѭáͧзջѭҡ֧ѡҡѺԵᾷ
öǨѭѺҹҧ ʺͧҧ ѭպѡá ͧԡ ѡ ԴʾԴ Ǩպѡҡ ѧ ѧ ͡ѡҴҡ ֧ԡѺöѹͧ ԡͧç¹ ٹآҾԵ ԡҧѾ (hot line)
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ԡ֡ѭҧ çԵ ѭԡĵ˭ ԡĵԴҡѹҾҧ ͺ ԡĵԴҡѭҹ ԡĵԴҡѭɰԨ

ͧѹѭآҾԵ (Tertiary Prevention)

ͧѹѭآҾԵ ֧ ѡäҧԵǪ ѭآҾԵ öѺԹԵ ԡöҾҧҧԵ öԴѡ ˹ҡçҺԹԵͧѺԺա Ѻա ԸѧԴ˹ҧ ԹҺͧѹ ҡѵءͧä Ŵŧҡ