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ѹתªªö͡ 2 Դ ѹ١ ѹ

ѹ١ (Cultivated species)

4 ѧ
1. ѹ١ (commercial variety) ѹҵҹ١ ԧ ٧ ѹѺѺاѹѡѺاѹתҪվ ǹ˭ѡɳӤѭ Ե٧Ѻɵ ͧŧع٧ Ѵѹ͹ҧѹ
2. ѹͧ (local variety) ѹ ѹ١ѵҹѺѹҨҹ ҹкǹ ;¾ Ѵ͡ҵ ѹ÷ҧѹ٧ ѹҧѹ öѺ ʹҾǴ ѡԵ дѺԵ ѡɳͧתɵзѧվ
3. ѹҧѺا (breeding line) ѹҡѡѺاѹת ѹҧѺاѹ (Intermediate product) ѹѡѹԴҡѹתӹǹ§ѹ ҡЪӹǹ
4. ѹ (special genetic stock) ѹתѹҧ Դҵ ѡԴ Ҩ൪ѹͧչ ൪ѹ ͧ ѡѡѡѺاѹת ѵԺس Ҩª
ӹǹѹҧ ѹ١ ֧ѹ١ ѹͧѹѹ١ѹѹ س ӡѴͧҡ٧ѹԴѺתѹ
ѹѺʹҡشѹͧ ˵ 2 С
1. ûǹҧѹªҡ ǡչѺ
2. ǡ§٭ѹѹ١١ѨغѹӤѭѹѧ͹ҧ ѡԹ
- ѹѧӤѭѹ ѹѺѴ͡
- תԴǺҡ١Ѵ͡ҧ ѹ÷ҧѹŴŧ
- Ǻѹǹ˭ѡѹҴѺŧ١תѹ Դ֡͹ҧѹ (genetic erosion) ͧҡ ԴѴ͡ҵ Դѡҧѹ (genetic drift) ԴҡЪҴ

ѹ (Wild species)

3
1. ѹªç תѹª١اѡ ٭ѹͧת Դ鹡ѺתԴҧ ҧ Դ੾СѺתسҡ ҵͧѴ͡ ѡѴ͡ѡɳª ػתش ѡת͹תԵ ˵Դ٭ѹ ҧ Durio spp. ١Թⴹ ٧ҳ 20 ͧͧѧԭԺԵ ѡѴʶҹóѹ سҾ١Ѵª ˭˭§ѵתԴ ѵ׺ѹ ҵ Թ ١ѵ͡Թҡشѡ١Թ͹͡ҧ ҧóѴ͡ҧعçԴ Ѻѡɳͧҡش
2. ѹªҧ ѹѹҧҵԡѺѹ١ѡɳª öչҵѹ١ չǹ˭ѡѹкǹҧ ѹҧת 2 ԴҧѹҡҨѹѹͧչԸ Somatic hybridization Protoplast fusion Ըҧѹǡ ҧ Lycopersicon Сͺ ѹҵѹʻ öѹѺѹ١ (L. esculentum)
  • ʻչҹҹ L. hirsutum, L. pimpinel-lifolium L. peruvianum
  • ʻչҹҹ L. chilense L. peruvianum
  • ʻչҹҹҸ͹ L. peruvianum
  • ʻչҹҹŧ L. hirsutum
  • ʻչԵسҾ L. chmielewskii
  • ʻչѺҡѺҾǴ¹ŧ L. cheesmanii
ת١Դҵѹ öѹѭҧ ѹ ҹѹ
תö׺ѹ ѹѡǡҹ ֧ҨѺԴ ͡ Һ ºʹ תöͺdz١ҧҧͺPoncirus trifoliata öѹ١ (Critus) ºʹ ҹ˹ ö١ҡ˹ ԸѧͧѹäԴѺǹҡ ͧͧѹ Vitis labrusca ԡͧͧѹ١ V. vinifera ҹҹ Philoxera vastatrix
3. ѹª ѹѧªѨغѹ ͹Ҥª ת תªҧ
תѹתѺѹ١ ͡ҡͧ ҡҧ ӨѴѪת͡ķҧ ͧѹҡ ҾǴ¹ŧתѹ§١ҡŴŧ